Наукові конференції України, Міжнародна науково-практична конференція «100 -річчя формування національних сортових рослинних ресурсів України»

Розмір шрифту: 
V. I. Voitsekhіvskyi, T. R. Kucher, E. M. Beregniak, N. G. Nesterova, V. Poshkrebnov, L. M. Balitska

Остання редакція: 2023-10-18

Тези доповіді

Solanaceous crops rank first in the world, both in terms of area and gross yield. In Ukraine, in 2020–21, tomatoes were grown on an area of more than 75 thousand hectares, more than 2.2 million tons of products were harvested, supplied to the domestic and foreign markets and for the processing industry. An analysis of the immediate forecast revealed the possibility of Ukraine in the coming years to take 5-6th place in the production of tomato paste.The nutritional value of fruits of any culture is determined by the presence of biologically active substances, vitamins, mineral compounds, sugars, proteins, etc. in them. Due to its popularity and accessibility to the population, tomato fruits occupy an important place in human nutrition. With a high and balanced content of biologically active substances in tomato fruits, their daily use contributes to the mild regulation of metabolic processes. Vitamin C is one of the important components of the body's antioxidant system due to its ability to donate electrons. In addition, this vitamin is involved in the metabolism of iron in the body (provides the restoration of trivalent iron to bivalent iron). The undeniable participation of vitamin C in the synthesis of interferon immunoglobulins, promotes cellular phagocytosis, ensures the restoration of the system of nonspecific resistance of the body, suppressed during viral infections. Mention should be made of the instability of ascorbic acid to external influences, in particular, culinary processing and the lability of formation in plant fruits under the influence of environmental factors.

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