Наукові конференції України, V Міжнародна науково-практична конференція «СВІТОВІ РОСЛИННІ РЕСУРСИ: СТАН ТА ПЕРСПЕКТИВИ РОЗВИТКУ»

Розмір шрифту: 
Morphological particularities in the new Solanum lycopersicum L. tomatoes obtained in vitro

Остання редакція: 2019-07-17

Тези доповіді

In the agrarian sector, hybrids, lines, varieties, which had high uniformity, distinctiveness and stability of fruit productivity and quality in different environmental conditions, were of particular importance. The most important trend in the strategy of plant breeding at the stage of adaptive intensiication in agriculture was combining the resistance of the varieties to the stress-producing abiotic factors of the environment with high levels of fruit productivity and quality.

The determination of the genetic complex of quantitative characters, including drought resistance, hindered the success of the breeding process, the purpose of which was to create genotypes combining many valuable characters. As a result of distance hybridization, interest for the breeder also presents the spectrum of genetic variability, which increases the efficiency of genotypes selection with high productivity and increased resistance to environmental stressors. One of the main tasks of amelioration was grandiose blending in the same variety of high productivity and resistance to stress factors (drought).

Literature data demonstrated that the long-term impact of 30-35°C on tomatoes during fruit forming resulted in plant sterility. The most sensitive phase of developing tomatoes at high temperatures is from the beginning of lowering to the fruit forming. Thus, the research goal consisted in obtaining the new tomato genotypes with valuable characters, useful for the breeding process. As a result, new lines with valuable economic characters were created, producing high yields of fruits with lower vegetation periods compared to the check variants. As a source of initial research material, 10 performance lines of tomatoes were used (‘L.4’, ‘L.20’, ‘L.25’, ‘L.44’, ‘L.47’, ‘L.48’, ‘L.49’, ‘L.55’, ‘L.63’, ‘L.317’) created in the plant resistance genetics laboratory and three varieties as a check (‘Peto-86’, ‘Novinca Pridnestrovia’ and ‘Elvira’).

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